There is shift going on. Especially young people move from Africa to Europa. They use all available means to make it to the world of prosperity, employment, democracy, open arms, and other dreams and misconceptions. from Africa going to Europe. They look for their former colonial masters to give them a new lease of life.
Many never reach those pastures of plenty. They do not have enough money to pay to smugglers for transport. The boat used for crossing is too crowded and sinks, like a modern titanic. And some make big money to ferry and transport the lucky ones.
They make it to the other end, and are being send back, all to no avail.
Abu Bakr Khaal wrote about it, about these African titanics. Read about this book here.